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The coronavirus pandemic has underlined just how important food self-sufficiency, food safety and food security are. Sustainable agriculture has a key role to play in ensuring these.
In this Q&A, Ola Hedstein – CEO of Norwegian Agricultural Cooperatives, a special interest organisation for 17 farmers’ cooperatives – talks about Norway’s agricultural sector, sustainable practices and technology development.
The transition from fossil to renewable resources is the most important sustainability trend – regardless of sector. Although renewable energy is essential, we also need a more bio-based economy in which renewable bio resources from soil, forests and the ocean are used to produce foods and other goods.
Human health is inseparable from plant and animal health.
The Norwegian agricultural sector takes an integrated approach to sustainability. In a world which fears more people dying from antibiotic resistant bacteria than cancer, Norway is drawing attention because we use extremely small amounts of antibiotics, other drugs and pesticides in agriculture. We also understand that production based on considerations beyond delivering the cheapest possible food – whatever the cost – can open up new markets and enhance competitiveness.
Food production in Norway is not easy. Norwegian farmers have therefore developed agricultural practices to try to compensate for limitations imposed by landscape and climate. The Norwegian agricultural sector – with its distinctive characteristics combined with advanced technology – can show how food can be produced under less-than-ideal conditions, also in other parts of the world.
My dream is that sustainable food production will be profitable. World leaders must take stock of the situation and acknowledge that as long as non-sustainable production is more lucrative, change will take a long time – perhaps too long.
If today’s trade agreements increase the competitiveness of countries and companies with the poorest health, safety and environmental standards – then new trade agreements must be drawn up that have the opposite effect. This is just as feasible as introducing the polluters pay principle.
Food production has never been cheap in Norway, so we have always had to optimise production with other things than cheap labour – most notably knowledge and technology. Norwegian agriculture is also based on the same values as the UN Sustainable Development Goals – which is where I believe our future competitiveness lies.
In addition, Norway has unique animal genetics and breeding techniques and new technological solutions for efficient food production with minimal use of medicines and pesticides.
Norway is home to a steady stream of startups with novel concepts for sustainable food production. Some of these have already presented their solutions on The Explorer, and I hope many more will soon find their way there.